Sumbawa – The Samota area on Sumbawa Island stretching from Sumbawa Regency to Dompu holds abundant fisheries and marine potential.
Samota itself is an acronym for the names of three tourist areas on Sumbawa namely Saleh Bay, Moyo Island, and Mount Tambora. Panorama in the Samota region is very potential to bring tourists, both the archipelago and foreign countries.
With an area of 680,725 hectares, waters of 212,300 hectares. In the area are scattered 49 small islands (dyke), 36 of which are in Sumbawa, precisely in Saleh Bay, and are 13 in Dompu.
When designated as a Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on June 19, 2019, in Paris, France, as a biosphere reserve in The 31st session of the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) International Coordinating Council Program. The NTB government is increasingly actively seeking development in the region by adhering to the concept of environmentally sound development.
The name Samota itself was introduced in the era of NTB Governor TGB HM Zainul Majdi and Deputy Governor Badrul Munir in 2008-2013. And began to be realized as a long-term dream of an elite region.
The third location is a favorite because it covers the mountains to the underwater world. Samota is like a ‘paradise’ for tourists.
Tambora has Savana Doro Ncanga and Doro Bente. This destination is located in the Tambora National Geopark area. Savana Doro Ncanga is the location of a grassland stretch of more than 6,000 hectares.
This area is also the location of cattle grazing, buffalo, and horses. Still, in the Tambora area, there is Doro Bente which is a caldera that is no longer active. Doro Bente has a height of 80 meters above sea level and is directly adjacent to the sea.
While Saleh Bay which has a depth of up to 200 meters has its charm. This area is familiar as a giant aquarium because it has a very complete marine biota. Various types of coral and fish species are there. The idol is manta or stingray.
While Moyo waters are known to have vortex currents which are known as water cleaning phenomena. However, the eddies are not dangerous.
And on Moyo Island, there is Mata Jitu Waterfall which has its charm, with a height of 15 meters and 12 terraced pools. This area is very exotic because it is an oasis in the middle of Moyo Island savanna.
Tourists can also find Maleo birds along with their unique nests. Moyo Island also has 16 sites or point diving. This area is famous for its angel reef and sea fan. The idols of the divers who visit here are the blackfin shark and the white fin shark.
Also, these waters also have a unique spot, namely SS Sumbawa in the form of a sinking ship with a depth of 19 meters. The size of the ship is 20x10x5 meters with conditions intact and complete with coral reefs.
Potential is abundant
From a study conducted by the NTB Provincial Government and the Central Government, it is said that the potential of the Samota Region reaches Rp 11.608 trillion ,. The magnitude of this potential has made the central government, the provincial government, and district government boost Samota development since 2015.
The Sumbawa government which controls Saleh Bay and Moyo develop supporting infrastructure. The Sumbawa government is also building a 24-km bypass in Tanjung Menangis. Now, the giant bridge in the path has been completed with the name of the Samota bridge.
In addition to the bypass, the government has improved the quality of roads in the Samota region. The length of the road is 216 km with funding of Rp1.8 trillion more. One of the entrances to Saleh Bay, as well as Moyo, is Aibari, a fishing village on the northern tip of Sumbawa. Road access to Aibari has now been made. Previously, this road was full of dust and mud, now it is paved.
For the construction of the ports of Aibari and Calabai (Dompu), the government has budgeted Rp250 billion. The funds came from the Ministry of Transportation and the Transportation Agency. In the master plan for the development of the Samota region, the government calculated the funding needs of more than IDR 5 trillion. With such a large amount of funds, Samota’s potential is no less fantastic with a budget of Rp.11,608 trillion.
For the fisheries and marine sector, the potential of Samota such as seaweed is IDR3.6 trillion, shrimp is IDR5.16 trillion, grouper is IDR 2.8 trillion and fishing is IDR 48 billion. Seaweed has long been excellent through the Pijar program (cattle, corn, seaweed).
To encourage the fisheries sector in Samota, one cannot be half-hearted. The government must provide supporting infrastructure. The potential of Rp. 11 trillion is only a dream if the infrastructure is inadequate.
For the development of the fisheries sector, the government will build a fishing port in the Santong Bay. Funds for the construction of this fishing port are Rp150 billion. Funds sourced from the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Department of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, SOEs, Transportation, and Public Works The development of this fishing port area must be raided.
The fishing port will also be supported by a fish auction site (TPI). Funds for the construction of TPI Rp20 billion. The aquaculture sector is the spearhead of fisheries in Sumbawa. Moreover, Saleh Bay with a fairly calm one is suitable for cultivation.
Ponds that have long been developed in Sumbawa, would be better if supported by irrigation networks. The current network built by the pond owners is not optimal. The government will intervene in the construction of a 200 km long irrigation system. At present, he said, only 60 km is available. Funds for the building still need Rp150 billion.
Improving the quality of fish seeds will be fulfilled if laboratory facilities are built. Likewise, fish processing is also being built to support the industrialization of the fisheries sector as well as a special market for fisheries will also be built.
The sector that is no less important is the tourism sector. With the potential of 49 dyke, and all of them are still “virgins” become their attraction in Samota. At present, only Moyo Island is polished with many shortcomings. Ring road access on Moyo Island, electricity network, communication not yet available. As a result, a trip to Moyo Island needs special preparation.
In the Samota development master plan, hotels/resorts will be built, five resorts with an investment of Rp1.5 trillion. Expectations of funding from the private sector.
Planned tourism development in the dyke with a shelter model, just a place to rest, not resorts, and other supporting facilities such as on Gili Tawangan, Gili Air, and Gili Meno. The Gili’s in Saleh Bay is prepared as a vacation location. More lonely and naturally more sustainable environment.
source | dbs/mongabay